‚Äč Civil Rights Timeline
1970- The African American business magazine Black Enterprise (http://www.blackenterprise.com/) begins publication, aimed at the growing African American middle class.
1971- The Supreme Court, in //Swann// v. //Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education//, upholds busing as a legitimate means for achieving integration of public schools. Although largely unwelcome (and sometimes violently opposed) in local school districts, court-ordered busing plans in cities such as Charlotte, Boston, and Denver continue until the late 1990s.
1971- The Rev. Jesse Jackson founds Operation PUSH (People United to Serve Humanity)(http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/934.html) an influential movement emphasizing black African-American economic advancement and education.
1971- Fifteen African American members of Congress from the Congressional Black Caucus (http://www.bookrags.com/tandf/congressional-black-caucus-tf/) to present a unified African American voice in Congress.
1972- The Equal Employment Oppurtunity Act(http://www.novelguide.com/a/discover/ebf_0002_0001_0/ebf_0002_0001_0_00112.html) is passed, prohibiting job discrimination on the basis of, among other things race and laying the groundwork for affirmative action.
1972- Barbara Jordan (http://www.beejae.com/bjordan.htm) (D-Texas) becomes the first African-American woman from a Southern State to be elected to the U.S. House of Rep. She will serve three terms in Congress.
1977- Andrew Young (http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-1395) becomes the first African-American person to serve as the U.S. ambassador to the United Nations.

Seattle School Board adopts a plan designed to eliminate racial imblance in schools by fall 1979.
1978- In Regents of the University of California v Bakke(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regents_of_the_University_of_California_v._Bakke), the Supreme Court rules against universities using fixed racial quotas in making admissions decisions, a challenge to affirmative action.
1978- Seattle becomes the largest city in the United States to desegregate its schools without a court order; nearly one-quarter of the school district's students are bused as part of the "Seattle Plan(http://www.historylink.org/index.cfm?DisplayPage=output.cfm&File_Id=3939)." Two months later, voters pass an anti-busing initiative. It is later ruled unconstitutional.
In a blow to efforts to diversify university enrollment, the U.S. Supreme Court outlaws racial quotas in a suit brought by Allan Bakke, a white man who had been turned down by the medical school at University of California, Davis.






































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